- Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues
- Epidemiological features of oral cancer: a world public health matter
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Open Athens Shibboleth Log In. Subscribe to Annals of Internal Medicine. Advanced Search. Book Notes 1 December This content is PDF only. Please click on the PDF icon to access. Citations Citation. Published: Ann Intern Med.
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You will be redirected to acponline. Create Your Free Account Why? To receive access to the full text of freely available articles, alerts, and more. The roof of the nasal cavities is formed by the cribriform plate, which separates the dura of the anterior cranial fossa from the nasal cavity.
The cribriform plate, as implied by its name, has multiple openings to accommodate the passage of olfactory filaments. Tumor can spread to the anterior cranial fossa using these openings or by perineural spread. Violation of this barrier during surgery is likely to produce a cerebrospinal fluid CSF leak, increasing the risk for meningitis and intracranial abscess.
The nasal cavities open externally via the nares and communicate posteriorly with the nasopharynx via the choanae. The eustachian tubes open into the nasopharynx just behind the infero-lateral aspect of the choanae. Tumor extension into the nasopharynx may cause eustachian tube obstruction and secondary serous otitis media that manifests as hearing loss. Except in the nasal vestibule, the nasal cavity is lined with pseudostratified columnar ciliated epithelium.
Tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues
The nasal vestibule, which corresponds to the ala of the nose, is lined with squamous epithelium containing vibrissae and sweat and sebaceous glands. A small part of the superior portion of the nasal cavity bound by the superior turbinate laterally and the nasal septum medially is lined by olfactory epithelium. The pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae are important anatomical considerations, as they are densely populated by the mastication muscles, various sensory and motor nerves, and by the blood vessels that supply the nasal cavity, oral cavity, maxillary teeth, pharynx, and ICAs.
Tumor extension into these areas can cause a myriad of symptoms, such as the following:. Trismus involvement of the pterygoid muscles or motor branches of the mandibular division of the trigeminal nerve. Facial hypesthesia involvement of the infraorbital nerve or other sensory branches from the maxillary and mandibular divisions of the trigeminal nerve.
Pain in the maxillary dentition involvement of the anterior, middle, or posterior superior alveolar nerve branches of the maxillary division of the trigeminal nerve. The pterygopalatine and infratemporal fossae are also potential routes for intracranial tumor spread, via direct extension or hematogenous spread.
A retrospective study by Stepan et al of adult patients with sinonasal rhabdomyosarcoma found a 5-year overall survival rate of The investigators noted that the 5-year overall survival rate between alveolar and embryonal subtypes Neoplasms of the nose and paranasal sinuses.
Epidemiological features of oral cancer: a world public health matter
Preventable risk factors for nasal cancer. Ann Epidemiol. Neoplasms of the nasal cavity. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck surgery. Mosby; Pediatric sinonasal tumors in the United States: incidence and outcomes. J Surg Res. A case-controlled study on occupational risk factors for sino-nasal cancer. Occup Environ Med. Benninger MS. The impact of cigarette smoking and environmental tobacco smoke on nasal and sinus disease: a review of the literature. Am J Rhinol. Malignant neoplasms of the nasal cavities and paranasal sinuses: a retrospective study. Outcomes in Adult Sinonasal Rhabdomyosarcoma.
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Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Apparent diffusion coefficient mapping for sinonasal diseases: differentiation of benign and malignant lesions. Carotid artery resection: update on preoperative evaluation. The inverted Schneiderian papilloma: a review and literature report of 43 new cases. Aggressive endoscopic resection of inverted papilloma: an update. Long-term results of endonasal sinus surgery in sinonasal papillomas. Cancer of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses and orbit. Cancer of the head and neck. Saunders; Barnes L.
Surgical pathology of the head and neck. Marcel Dekker; Clinical assessment of squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal cavity proper. Auris Nasus Larynx. Low-grade adenocarcinoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Long-term follow-up of 44 patients with adenocarcinoma of the nasal cavity and sinuses primarily treated with endoscopic resection followed by radiotherapy. Head Neck. Postoperative radiotherapy for adenocarcinoma of the ethmoid sinuses: treatment results for 47 patients. Evidence for treatment strategies in sinonasal adenocarcinoma.
Adenocarcinoma of the ethmoidal sinus complex: surgical debulking and topical fluorouracil may be the optimal treatment. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. Almeyda R, Capper J.
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Is surgical debridement and topical 5 fluorouracil the optimum treatment for woodworkers' adenocarcinoma of the ethmoid sinuses? A case-controlled study of a year experience. Clin Otolaryngol. Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the sinonasal tract: treatment results. Sinonasal adenoid cystic carcinoma: the M. Anderson Cancer Center experience.
go to site Histologic grading of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the salivary glands. Spiro RH. Distant metastasis in adenoid cystic carcinoma of salivary origin. Am J Surg. Sinonasal undifferentiated carcinoma. An aggressive neoplasm derived from schneiderian epithelium and distinct from olfactory neuroblastoma. Am J Surg Pathol. Enepekides DJ.